Muhammad Paryal Tagar, Muhammad Jawed, Sarang Tagar, TAIMOOR JAN


Background: This pieces of work was an experimental study with the aim to compare the occurrences of wound
infection in laparoscopic as well as in open cholecystectomy.
Material & Methods: In this study 200 patients were taken who had undergone elective cholecystectomy for
symptomatic gallstones. These 200 patients were divided in the two groups each of 100 patients by simple random
technique. The first group of 100 patients was operated by OC while the second group of 100 patients by
LC. The patients were then followed up for four to five weeks in order to pick up signs of wound infection. During
the observation period of these weeks, infection cases, the degree of infection and the remedial measures were
done and documented while the results were analyzed by using the percentage statistics.
Results: In first group which was operated through OC had four cases of wound infection which is 4% of the
total 100 patients and out of these, two were of class-II and two of class-III wound infection respectively while
there were only two cases of Class- II wound infection in case of patients operated through LC which is 2% of
the total 100 patients in this group.
Conclusion: In both LC and OC groups there was no wound infection in cases of chronic cholecystitis, the
frequency of occurrence of wound infection was three times as common in OC as compared to LC in acute
cholecystitis / empyema.


Chronic cholecystitis; Technique; Laparoscopic; Symptomatic gallstones

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