ASSESSMENT OF BODY MASS INDEX AND RELATED RISK FACTORS AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS

Nargis Noman, Muhammad Marwat, Safeer Zaman, Tehreem Zaffar, Imtiaz Ahmad, Iftikhar Ahmad

Abstract


Background: Body Mass Index (BMI) gives information about the relative weight for a given height based upon age and sex. The objective of this study was to assess BMI among medical students and to determine the related risk factors including diet and lifestyle.
Material and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Department of Community Medicine, Gomal Medical College, D.I.Khan, Pakistan from March 15, 2015 to May 15, 2015. A sample of 100 subjects was selected by consecutive technique. Study instrument was a questionnaire. The demographic variables were gender, age groups, dietary habits and stress effect on diet whereas research variable was BMI. Frequencies and percentages were calculated. Data were analyzed by descriptive analysis plan.
Results: Out of 100 subjects, 69(69%) were in normal range, 22(22%) were overweight and 3(3%) obese and 6(6%) were underweight. Males were 50(50%) and females 50(50%). Sixty four(64%) males were normal, 32(32%) were overweight, 4(4%) were obese and none was underweight. Seventy four (74%) of female respondents were normal, 12(12%) were overweight, 2(2%) were obese and 12(12%) were underweight. In the age group 18-20 years, 20(20%) were normal, 4(4%) were overweight and 1(1%) was obese and 3(3%) were underweight. Among the respondents that had no serving per day of fatty food, 44(44%) were normal, 7(7%) were overweight, 3(3%) were obese and 3(3%) were underweight. Among respondents whose diet was not affected during stress 2(2%) were underweight, 12(12%) were normal, none were obese and 5(5%) were overweight.
Conclusion: Female students 21-23 years, having no serving of fatty food per day & whose diet decreased during strees showed better BMI. This study reflects the general trend of weight gain especially in male students.

Keywords


Body Mass Index; Exercise; Feeding habits.

Full Text:

PDF

References


“BMI Classification” Global Database on Body Mass Index. World Health Organization.2006.Retrived July 27,2012

Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a WHO Consultation (WHO Technical Report Series 894). World Health Organization. Publication date: 2000.

Sturm R. Increases in morbid obesity in the USA: 2000-2005. Public Health. 2007;121:492-6.

Qureshi SA, Rehman MM, Azmi MB, Hasnat S. Most Prevalent Diseases with Relation of Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference in Karachi, Pakistan. JDUHS 2011;5:85-91.

Setty AR, Curhan G, Hyon k, Choi HK. Obesity, Waist Circumference, Weight Change, and the Risk of Psoriasis in Women. Arch Intern Med 2007;167:1670-5.

Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, Dietz WH, Vinicor F, Bales VS, et al. Prevalence of Obesity, Diabetes, and obesity related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003;289:76-9.

Azmi MB, Qureshi SA, Lateef T, Arshad HM. Health hazard of work related stress. JDUHS 2010;4:115-8.

World Health Organization (WHO). Obesity and Overweight. 2006[cited 2015 march 20].[Available at: http://www.int/media center/factsheets/fs311/enindex.html/ ].

Sengupta A, Angeli F, Syamala TS, Dagnelie PC, Schayck CP. Overweight and obesity prevalence among Indian women by place of residence and socio-economic status: Contrasting patterns from ‘underweight states’ and ‘overweight states’ of India. Social Science & Medicine. 2015;138:161-9.

Atay Z, Bereket A. Current status on obesity in childhood and adolescence: Prevalence, etiology, co-morbidities and management. Obesity Medicine. 2016;3:1-9.

Nazli R, Akhtar T, Lutfullah G, Khan MA, Lutfullah G, Haider J, et al. Prevalence of obesity and associated risk factor in a female population of rural Peshawar- Pakistan. KMUJ 2015;7.

Tripathy JP, Thakur JS, Jeet G, Chawla S, Jain S, Pal A, et al. Burden and risk factors of dyslipidemia-results from a STEPS survey in Punjab India. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.

Gopalakrishnan S, Ganeshkumar P, Prakash MV, Christopher, Amalraj V. Prevalence of overweight/ obesity among the medical students, Malaysia. Med J Malaysia. 2012;67:442-4.

Kouvonen A, Kivimaki M, Cox SJ, Cox T, Vahtera J. Relationship between work stress and body mass index among 45,810 female and male employees. Psychosome Med 2005;67:577-83.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Nargis Noman, Muhammad Marwat, Safeer Zaman, Tehreem Zaffar, Imtiaz Ahmad, Iftikhar Ahmad

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.