Nosheen Zahoor, Ayesha Rashid, Amara Saleem, Muhammad Aftab, Muhammad Ramzan, Muhammad Fawad Rasool, Sohail Arshad, Muhammad Akhlaq


Background: The majority of cardiovascular disease patients require life-long treatment and regular monitoring. The objective of the study was to evaluate the hospital care in cardiovascular disease patients in Faisalabad Institute of Cardiology, Faisalabad.
Material & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Faisalabad Institute of Cardiology (FIC), Faisalabad, Pakistan from January to June 2016 after approved by ethical committee. A total of 150 patients were selected through convenient sampling technique. Adult admitted cardiac patients of both genders were included. Emergency cases were excluded. Demographic variables were sex, age groups, residence and economic status. Research variables were diagnosis, mode of payment, lab investigation and staff’s communication. Study instruments was a pre validated standardized questionnaire. All the variables being categorical were analyzed by frequency and percentages by using SPSS version 21.
Results: Out of 150 patients, 9.3% were <35 years, 26% were from 35-45 years, 30% were 45-55 years, 25.3% were 55-65 years and 9.3% were >65 years of age. Mostly were male 54.7% from rural area 44.7% and 73.3% were having less monthly income. Myocardial Infarctions cases were 28%, Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) were 26%, Mitral Valve Regurgitation 26% and Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) were 20%. Mostly payment for treatment paid by the government funds 75.3%.
Conclusion: Most of the cardio vascular disease patients were urban males, 45-55 years of age and of lower income group. Majority were suffering from myocardial infarction. Common mode of payment was through government. Communication of hospital staff with the patients was good.


Cardiovascular Diseases; Questionnaire; Medicine.

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