FREQUENCY AND CAUSES OF PERINATAL MORTALITY IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN PESHAWAR, PAKISTAN

Maimoona Qadir, Sohail Amir, Samina Jadoon, Muhammad Marwat

Abstract


Background: Perinatal mortality rate indicates quality of care provided during pregnancy and delivery to the mother and to the neonate in its early neonatal period. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and causes of perinatal mortality in a tertiary care hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan.
Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan from 1st January 2016 to 31st December 2016. The inclusion criteria was all singleton gestation with gestational age of at least 24 weeks presenting with perinatal mortality. Data was collected for the following variables; age groups (up to 20 years, 21-30 years, 31-40 years and > 40 years), booking status (yes/ no), period of gestation (24-31+6, 32-36+6, 37-39+6 and > 40 weeks), Foetal weight (<1.5 kg, 1.5-2.49 kg, 2.5-3.5 kg and > 3.5 kg) and cause of perinatal mortality.
Results: Out of 4508 deliveries there were 288 perinatal deaths, including 228 stillbirths and 60 neonatal deaths, so perinatal mortality rate was 63.8/1000 births. 90.28% women were unbooked. Most common cause was hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (27.78%) followed by antepartum haemorrhage (25.71%) and then mechanical causes (13.88%). Congenital anomalies comprised 11.8% cases, neonatal problems 10.07% and maternal medical disorders for 4.16% cases. Cause of 4.16% cases remained unexplained.
Conclusion: Appropriate strategies like control of identifiable causes, proper antenatal and postnatal care, healthy delivery practices and availability of emergency neonatal care facilities can bring down perinatal mortality rates.

Keywords


Perinatal mortality, Stillbirth, Early neonatal death, Antepartum Haemmorage.

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