FREQUENCY OF HEPATITIS B AND C IN OPD PATIENTS

Fahad Said, Muhammad Akram, Amna Sadaqat, Saif Ur Rehman, Sodah Bint Mustafa, Muhammad Akhlaq, Muhammad Ramzan, Abid Hussain

Abstract


Background: The prevalence of hepatitis B and C varies in different population worldwide. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency of Hepatitis B and C in OPD patients.
Material and Methods: This record based, descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in different hospitals of tehsil Rawalakot, district Poonch, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. The data of previous 3 years was retrieved from these hospitals with the approval of hospital ethical committee from May 2014 to May 2017. Sample size was 6041 selected through convenient sampling technique. Demographic variables was gender whereas research variables were presence of HB and presence of HC. All the data being categorical were analyzed descriptively using SPSS version 16.
Results: The prevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C was 1% and 2% respectively in Rawalakot Azad Kashmir. Hepatitis B was more common in male than female, while male female ratio was equal in hepatitis C.
Conclusion: Data suggest a moderate prevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C in Rawalakot, Azad Kashmir. Compared to other regions of Azad Kashmir and Pakistan, the seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C is low in the population of Rawalakot, Azad Kashmir.

Keywords


Hepatitis, Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, Rawalakot Azad Kashmir, Prevalence

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