DISTRIBUTION OF NON-MALIGNANT HEMATOLOGICAL DISORDERS BY SEX, AGE GROUPS AND TYPE OF DISEASE BASED ON BONE MARROW ASPIRATION IN POPULATION OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN

Mohammad Riazuddin Ghori, Hamzullah Khan, Muhammad Marwat

Abstract


Background: The distribution of non-malignant hematological disorder varies across globe by sex, age groups and type of disease. The objectives of this study were to determine distribution of non-malignant hematological disorders by sex, age groups and type of disease based on bone marrow aspiration in population of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Department of Pathology, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan from Jan.-Dec. 2014. 116 cases with non-malignant hematogical disorders were selected. Sex, age groups and type of disease were analyzed by count and percentage with confidence intervals for proportions. Chi-square goodness-of-fit test was used to testify two hypotheses.
Results: Out of 116 cases, 63(54.31%, 80%CI 48.38-60.24) were men and 53(45.69%, 80% CI 39.76-51.62) women. Age groups wise; 31(26.72%, 80%CI 21.46-31.99) were child (≤17 years), 57(49.14%, 80%CI 43.19-55.09) young adult (18-35 years), 19(16.38%, 80%CI 11.98-20.78) middle-aged adults (36-55 years) and nine (7.76%, 80%CI 4.57-10.94) older adults (≥56 years). Frequency of type of disease was; hemolytic anemia 17(14.66%, 80%CI 10.45-18.86), megaloblastic anemia 16(13.79%, 80%CI 9.69-17.9), bone marrow hypoplasia 14(12.07%, 80%CI 8.19-15.95), iron deficiency anemia 13(11.21%, 80%CI 7.45-14.96), mixed deficiency anemia 9(7.76%, 80%CI 4.57-10.94), ITP 9(7.76%, 80%CI 4.57-10.94), aplastic anemia 8(6.89%, 80%CI 3.88-9.91), bi-liniage cytopenia 7(6.03%, 80%CI 3.2-8.87), erythroid hyperplasia 3(2.59%, 80%CI .7-4.47) and malaria 2(1.72%, 80%CI 0.18-3.27). In 18(15.52%, 80%CI 11.21-19.83) cases the bone marrow was diluted. Null hypothesis for distribution of sex (p=.3532) was accepted while that for age groups was rejected (p=<.00001).
Conclusion: Hemolytic anemia was the most common disorder followed by megaloblastic anemia and bone marrow hypoplasia based on bone marrow aspiration in population of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Keywords


Bone marrow aspiration; Hematological disorders; Hemolytic anemia; Megaloblastic anemia; Iron deficiency anemia; Aplastic anemia; Malaria.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.46903/gjms/17.02.1926

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