Samina Qadir, Fauzia Anbreen, Aysha Naeem, Hira Naeem, Muhammad Naeem Akhtar, Syed Azhar Hassan Shirazi


Background: In Pakistan population explosion is an important issue. Objectives of this study were to determine frequency of contraception users, frequency of different types of contraceptives used and association between contraceptive barriers and socio demographic variables.
Materials & Methods: This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted at Department of Community Medicine, Gomal medical College, D.I.Khan, Pakistan from 1st February to 31st March 2019. Sample size was 100. Sampling technique was consecutive. Only married women of reproductive age having already one child at least were included in the sample. Sociodemographic variables were age, residence, education, family income, family type, awareness of contraception, willingness for contraception, use of different contraceptive methods, age of marriage, age at first pregnancy and number of live children. Research variables were personal, religious, cultural and service barriers to use of contraception. All variables were recorded on categorical scale, whereas age of marriage, age at first pregnancy and number of live children were numerical variables expressed as mean and standard deviation. Chi-square test of association was performed.
Results: Out of 100 respondents, 49% were from 15 to 30 years. Family income was <30,000 PKR for 68%. Urban were 65% and family type was nuclear for 30%, 91% respondents were aware of contraception, 69% was contraceptive user couples frequency, 8.6% couples used barrier method, 12% had personal barrier to contraceptive use. Residence was associated with service barrier. Association was also found between religious barrier of contraceptive use and education.
Conclusion: Service barrier to contraceptive use was associated with residence and religious barrier was associated with education.


Contraception; family planning services; maternal mortality; infant mortality; Population.

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