TYPE, TIME-TREND AND INDICATIONS OF HYSTERECTOMY

Fauzia Anbreen, Samina Qadir, Hira Naeem, Najma Farhat, Maria Ghafoor, Sualeh Hassan

Abstract


ABSTRACT
Background: The frequency of hysterectomy varies in same geographical area. The objectives of this study were to determine the type, time trend and indications of hysterectomy in our population.
Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional, study was conducted in the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Gomal Medical College, D.I.Khan, Pakistan, from 1st January 2013 to 31st December 2016. A sample size of 571 was selected through consecutive technique. Inclusion criteria were all hysterectomies done for gynecological indications. Demographic variable was age groups. Research variables were type, time trend and indications for hysterectomy. All variables being categorical were expressed as frequency and percentages. 95% confidence interval for proportion were calculated. SPSS version 19 was used for statistical analysis.
Results: Out of 571 hysterectomies, 333(58.31 %) were abdominal and 238(41.68 %) were vaginal. Age-wise distribution of hysterectomies shows >61 is the modal age group. The hysterectomy frequency increased from 7% of total gynecological admission during 2013 to 17% of total gynecological admission in 2016. The indication for hysterectomy by type from 2013-2016 was menstrual disorders and uterine prolapse.
Conclusion: Trans abdominal hysterectomies were more common than vaginal hysterectomies. Most common age group for hysterectomy was older than 60 years. The indication for abdominal hysterectomy was menstrual disorders whereas the only indication for vaginal hysterectomy was uterine prolapse. Line diagram was showing an increase in hysterectomy frequency over time from 2013-16.

Keywords


Hysterectomy; Prolapsed Uterus; Fibroid.

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