CANCER EPIGENETICS AND THE ROLE OF DIETARY ELEMENTS

Farah Abid, Muhammad Saleem, Saleha Yasir, Shumila Arshad, Sundus Qureshi, Mayyda Asif Bajwa, Sana Ashiq, Samreen Tanveer, Mehiwh Qayyum, Kanwal Ashiq

Abstract


Cancer has been a fatal disease since many decades. Over the time, it is presented in multiple ways and is a matter of consideration as accounts for the high rate of mortality. The aim of the current review was to focus on the genetics, epigenetics factors and role of medicinal plants for the cure of this inimical disease. Related articles available in English language (2002-2018) were reviewed with help of different database, including PubMed, Springer Link, Medline, Google Scholar and ScienceDirect. In order to ensure credibility and accuracy of data only those articles were considered which are published in indexed journals i.e. Web of Science and Scopus. This project was conducted at the Department of Pharmacy, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan from 02-01-2019 to 28-02-2019. The genetic machinery is vibrantly involved in the interpretation of the signals and is observed to be affected by various dietary factors. A sequence of modified activities is observed with use of these dietary elements. However, the modification is reviewed through the histone acetyltransferase (HAT), histone deacetylase (HDAC) and DNA methyl transferase (DNMTs), effecting the expression of gene. These modified genes, in turn then express the signals in multiple reformed ways. Different dietary elements that are used such as polyphenol, alkaloid and flavonoids are effective against cancer. The progression of disease involves genetics and epigenetics due to amplification, translocation and mutation during gene expression. Though, many studies have been conducted elaborating the role of plants and their ingredients which play a part in inhibition of cancerous cells by blockade of cell cycle and apoptosis; more in-depth investigations are still required to identify the new drug target and novel therapeutic modalities.

Keywords


Cancer; Epigenetics; Histone Acetyltransferase; Histone Deacetylase; Medicinal Plants.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.46903/gjms/17.03.2070

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