Evaluation of pattern of dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetics in Swat

Sahibzada Saeed Jan, Amir Rehman, Rashid Ahmad, Taj Muhammad Khan, Aziz Ahmad, Amjad Abrar


Background: Type 2 diabetes accounts for more than 90% cases of diabetes and is a major burden due to its rising prevalence and complications. The most important risk factor for these complications in diabetes is dyslipidemia. The objective of this study was to evaluate the pattern of dyslipidemia in patients with type 2 diabetes presenting in Saidu Teaching Hospital, Swat.

Material & Methods: The study comprised of 100 patients, 50 with diabetes and 50 non-diabetic controls. The serum cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol of diabetic and controls were compared.

Results: Type 2 diabetic subjects had significantly higher values of triglycerides, p<0.001 and low level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol, p<0.001, while low density lipoprotein cholesterol, p=0.101, and serum cholesterol, p= 0.273, had no statistical significant difference between the two groups.

Conclusion: The pattern of dyslipidemia observed in diabetic patients includes raised triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and slightly raised low density lipoprotein cholesterol.

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© 2011 Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences