AWARENESS OF MOTHERS REGARDING DURATION AND BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING

Romisa Rehman, Farhat Rehana Malik, Zia Ul Ain Sabiha, Zarlish Rehman

Abstract


Background: A mother’s knowledge with the right attitude and practice is the key to successful breastfeeding. Female awareness in breastfeeding contributes towards reduction of child mortality. This study was conducted to assess with effects of literacy on the knowledge, duration and benefits of breastfeeding
Material & Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in Paediatrics and Gynaecology wards of three tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar from January to March- 2016, on 100 married women with socio demographic research variables. Self administered questionnaire used with a scale of 100, responses of the mothers were recorded with score of 50 as optimal, more than 50% as good knowledge and less than 50 as poor knowledge. Data analyzed by computing chi square test in software Statistical stata – Version SPSS 12.1 with significance level set at 0.05.
Results: Among study participants 25(25%) were educated, 25(25%) partially educated and 50(50%) were uneducated. Exclusive breastfeeding duration known to only 40(40%), however 54(54%) knew the duration of breastfeeding. Ninety (90%) women knew breastfeeding reduces child’s infection and 80(80%) knew the contraceptive benefit of breastfeeding. Knowledge of prevention of breast cancer, post partum bleeding and osteoporosis were found to be deficient. Breastfeeding knowledge in medication and Hepatitis- B was 58(58%) and 59(59%) respectively, however deficient knowledge was demonstrated in tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. The effects of literacy upon knowledge, duration and benefits of breast feeding were non- significant among the study population.
Conclusion: Mothers demonstrated good knowledge (more than 50%) on benefits of breastfeeding, optimal (50%) knowledge in duration of breastfeeding but deficient (less than 50%) knowledge regarding colostrum and post partum bleeding benefits of breastfeeding.

Keywords


Knowledge; Breast Feeding; Colostrum; Exclusive Breastfeeding.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Infant and Young Feeding Practices: Collecting and Using Data. A Step-by-Step Guide [Internet]; Care USA, Jan 2010 [cited 2015 June 26] Available from ;http://www.ennonline.net/iycfdataguide.

Nutrition: Breast Feeding [Internet]. UNICEF for every child [cited 2016 April 19] Available from; https://www.unicef.org/nutrition/index_24824.html

Black RE, Allen LH, Bhutta ZA, Caulfield LE, Onis Md, Ezzati M et al. Maternal and child under nutrition: Global and regional exposures and health consequences. The Lancet 2008, 371 (9608) 243 – 60.

Singh K, Srivastava P. The effect of colostrum on infant mortality: Urban rural differentials. Health and Population 1992;15:94-100.

The Noble Quran, Chapter 2, Sura Al Baqqara: Verse 233

World Health Organization [Online]. Available from: http://www.who.int/elena/titles/exclusive_breastfeeding/en/ [Accessed 19 April 2016].

Nagata C, Mizoue T, Tanaka K, Tsuji I, Tamakoshi A. Breastfeeding and breast cancer risk: an evaluation based on a systematic review of epidemiologic evidence among the Japanese population. Jpn J Clin Oncol 2012;42:124-30.

Heinig M, & Dewey K. Health effects of breast-feeding for mothers: A critical review. Nutr Res Rev 1997;10:35-56.

Bulletin of the World Health Organization [Internet]. Breast is always best, even for HIV – positive mothers [cited 2016 May 29th] Available from: http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/88/1/10-030110/en/

Schnatz PF, Marakovits KA, O’Sullivan DM. Assessment of postmenopausal women and significant risk factors for osteoporosis. Obstet Gynecol Surv 2010;65:591-6.

Isaacs EB, Fischl BR, Quinn BT, Chong WK, Gadian DG. Impact of breast milk on intelligence quotient, brain size, and white matter development. Pediatr res 2010;67: 357-62.

Ali S, Ali SF, Imam AM, Ayub S, Billoo AG. Perception and practices of breastfeeding of infants 0-6 months in an urban and a semi-urban community in Pakistan: a cross-sectional study. J Pak Med Assoc 2011; 61:99-104.

Mandal PK, Sardar JC, Chatterjee C, Lahiri SK, Ghosh PK. A study on breast feeding practices among infants in a rural area of west Bengal. Indian J Prev Soc Med 2007;38:28-31.

Vijayalakshmi P, Susheela T, Mythili D. Knowledge, attitudes, and breast feeding practices of postnatal mothers: A cross sectional survey. Int J Health Sci (Qassim) 2015;9:364-74.

Rasania SK, Singh SK, Pathi S, Bhalla S, Sachdev TR. Breastfeeding practices in maternal and child health centre in Delhi. Health Popul Perspect Issues 2003;26:110-5.

Chen X, Chen J, Wen J, Xu C, Zhang S, Zhou Y-H et al. Breastfeeding Is Not a Risk Factor for Mother-to-Child Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus 2013;8:e55303.

Khasawneta M, Khadu Y, Amarin Z, Alkafeste A. Knowledge, attitude and practices of breastfeeding in the North Jordan. Int Breast Feed J 2006; 23:1;1- 17.

Hadijah MA, Cath C, Von Pamela H. Exclusive Breastfeeding: Mothers’ Awareness and Healthcare Providers’ Practices during Antenatal Visits in Mvomero, Tanzania. Int J Nutr Metab, 2013;5:40-9.

Badruddin SH, Islam A, Hendricks K. Dietary risk factors associated with acute and persistent in children in Karachi, Pakistan. Clin Nutr 1991 ;54:745-9.

Jalil F, Khan SR, Zaman S. Child health in Lahore, Pakistan: Feeding patterns. Paediatrics Scand 1993; 390: 47-61.

Agarwal S, Srivastava K, Sethi V. Maternal and Newborn Care Practices among the Urban Poor in Indore, India: Gaps, Reasons and Possible Program Options. Urban Health Resource Center (New Delhi) 2007:32.

Juin J, Ghazali ANM, The Awareness about the Benefits and Practices of Breast Feeding among Mothers in Pioneer Technology Malaysia Sdn. Bhd., Ledang, Johor, Malaysia [Thesis for Nursing Advisor on internet]. Nursing & Allied Health Sciences, Open University Malaysia; 2013 [cited 2016 June 15th]. Available from: https://www.academia.edu/25097087/.

Mbada CE, Olowookere AE, Faronbi JO, Oyinlola-Aromolaran FC, Faremi FA, Ogundele AO et al. Knowledge, attitude and techniques of breastfeeding among Nigerian mothers from a semi-urban community. BMC Res Notes 2013;6:552-9.

Avinash Kumar, Unnikrishnan B, Rekha T, Mithra P, Kumar N, Kulkarni V et al. Awareness and Attitude Regarding Breastfeeding and Immunization Practices Among Primigravida Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital in Southern India. J Clin Diagn Res 2015;9:LC01-LC5.

Pandey D, Sardana P, Saxena A, Dogra L, Coondoo A, Kamath A. Awareness and attitude towards breastfeeding among two generations of Indian women: a comparative study 2015;10:1-9.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


© 2011 Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences