THE MEDIATING ROLE OF PERCEIVED JOB SATISFACTION IN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY AND EMPLOYEES’ PERFORMANCE

Iftikhar Ahmad, Abdus Sattar

Abstract


Previous evidence suggests that Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) is linked with Employee Performance (EP), whereas according to other studies EP is based on Job Satisfaction (JS). This study attempts to explore whether independent variable (OHS) predicts the dependent variable (EP) directly or through mediating variable (JS) indirectly. Besides what is the role of demographic attributes of the respondents in this framework of relationships. OHS (variable X) has three attributes; legislative, medical & engineering measures. Dependent variable (variable Y) has been expressed into four attributes; effectiveness, efficiency, responsiveness & innovativeness. JS as mediating variable (M) has pay, promotion, supervision, colleagues, work & work environment as attributes. The objective of the study was to investigate existing literature in order to explore the relationship between perceptions of OHS, EP & JS in the workplace, thereby extracting a conceptual framework regarding the topic for future application in the upcoming empirical study. This review study was conducted at Department of Community Medicine, Gomal Medical College, Dera Ismail Khan from October, 2016 to November, 2016. Data collection method was literature search. Data type was qualitative & secondary. We searched the databases of MEDLINE (PubMed), Google scholar, Pakmedinet, Cochrane reviews and relevant web sites, over the period 2006-2017, using keywords as searching mechanism. Data was organized, summarized, analyzed and interpreted.

Keywords


Job Satisfaction; Effectiveness; Efficiency; Responsiveness; Innovativeness.

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