Muhammad Aamir, Waleed Ahmad, Bashir Ahmad, Abdurrehman Khan, Muhammad Fawad, Muhammad Abdullah


Background: COVID-19 has become one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of mortality and its distribution by sex and age groups in indoor COVID-19 patients in D.I.Khan Division, Pakistan.

Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Medicine, Gomal Medical College, D.I.Khan, Pakistan. A sample of 438 patients with positive SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR was selected. Sex & age-groups were two demographic and presence of mortality was a research variable. The data type for all variables was nominal, except ordinal age groups. Prevalence & distribution were described by count and percentage with 95%CI. The hypotheses were tested by chi-square goodness of fit test.

Results: Out of 438 COVID-19 patients, mortality was 43 (9.82%), including 34 (7.76%) men and nine (2.06%) women. The mortality was 0% for 0-19 years, four (0.92%) for 20-39 years, 12 (2.74%) for 40-59 years and 27 (6.16%) ≥60 years. Our mortality 9.82% was lower than expected 20.95% (p=<.001). It was higher in men than women (p=<.001). It was highest in age group ≥60 years, while 0% in 0-19 years. It was similar to expected by sex (p=.070) and age group (p=<.207).

Conclusion: Our study showed 9.82% mortality in indoor COVID-19 patients. The mortality was lower than expected. The mortality was higher in men than women. It was highest in elderly, while zero in children and adolescents. It was similar to expected by sex and age group.


COVID-19, Pneumonia, Prevalence, Distribution, Children, Elderly, Females, Males, Pandemic, D.I.Khan, Division, Chi-square Goodness of fit Test.

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