EMOTIONAL QUOTIENT OF MEDICAL STUDENTS IN FAISALABAD, PAKISTAN: OVERALL AND BY SEX, AGE GROUPS AND RESIDENCE

Muhammad Ehtisham, Rida Naseer Ghouri, Munir Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Yousaf, Shireen Jawed

Abstract


Background: Importance of emotional quotient (EQ) is growing globally in field of medical educational systems. Our objectives were to determine EQ of medical students in Faisalabad, Pakistan and their differences by sex, age groups and residence.

Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed at Aziz Fatimah Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad, Pakistan from July to August 2021. Including 367 medical students; EQ was assessed by Emotional Intelligence Scale. EQ was a research variable on ratio scale. Sex, age groups and residence were demographic variables on nominal scale. Nominal variables were described as count and percentage. Skewed data for EQ was described by median and IQR and normal data by mean and SD. Hypotheses with skewed data were verified by Wilcoxon signed-rank and Mann Whitney tests, while hypotheses with normal data were verified by independent samples t test at alpha .05.

Results: The sample of 367 medical students included 112 (30.5%) boys & 255 (69.5%) girls and 176 (48%) in age group 20-22 & 191 (52%) in age group 23-25 years, and 232 (63.2%) boarders & 135 (36.8%) day scholars. Median EQ score of sample was 101, lower than test value (p=<.00001). Median EQ score of boys 102 was similar to girls 101 (p=.22). Mean EQ score of age group 20-22 years 102.61 was similar to age group 23-25 years 102.40 (p=.887) and of boarders 101.6±14.423 was similar to day scholars 104.02 (p=.116).

Conclusion: Emotional quotient scores of medical students of Faisalabad, Pakistan were same for boys and girls and for age group 20-22 and 23-25 years and for boarders and day scholars.


Keywords


Emotional Quotient; Cognition; Doctor Patient Relations; Leadership; Problem Based Learning; Patient Care; Medical Students; Sex; Age Group; Pakistan.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.46903/gjms/20.03.1062

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