Hosein Karimiyarandi, Atefeh Fahami, Neda Khaledian, Khalil Komlakh


Background: Road traffic injures (RTIs) are the third leading cause of death in the world after heart diseases and cancer. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of spinal cord fractures (SCF) and other general orthopedic fractures (GOF) caused by road traffic injuries.

Materials & Methods: This was a retrospective cross sectional study that was performed on patients with RTIs-related fractures or SCIs from January 2020 to January 2021.The study population consisted of the medical records of patients admitted to Imam Khomeini Hospital with a diagnosis of GOFs or SCFs. The participants were included in the study by census method. Inclusion criteria included RTIs-related orthopedic fractures or SCIs. The data was analyzed using the SPSS 16 software.

Results: Result showed, prevalence of these two types of fractures in patients was equal to 9.33%. Also prevalence of spinal cord fractures was in the form of Multiple levels Spinal with a rate of 88 (32.6%) and the lowest rate was in the Dorsal spine area with a rate of 38 (14.1%). About general orthopedic fracturs the result showed, Multiple Orthopedic regions with a rate of 67 (24.8%) and the lowest rate was in the Pelvis region with a rate of 29 (10.7%).

Conclusions: The prevalence of spinal cord and general orthopedic fractures in the examined patients was high, so it is necessary to take corrective measures to prevent traffic accidents.


Spinal cord fractures; Orthopedic fractures; Road traffic injuries.

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