Behzad Darabi, Mehdi Shokri, Elham Bastani, Fariba shokri


Background: Asthma is the most common cause of school absenteeism and the third cause of admission to hospitals and medical centers among children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to assess spirometery indices in asthma children referred to public and private clinics in Ilam city.

Materials & Methods: This observational study was conducted in public clinics (Imam Khomeini Hospital) and private offices of asthma and allergy specialists and subspecialists in Ilam city from 1st January 2022 to 31st December 2022. Patients with asthma confirmed by their treating physician were included in study. In order to ensure the correct diagnosis of asthma cases and assessment of spirometery indices, International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire was used. Basic spirometery and then a bronchodilator challenge spirometry test were performed for all patients. The collected data was entered in SPSS ver. 16, and then data analysis was carried out using descriptive and analytical statistical tests.

Results: Total 102 patients were studied, 49 (73.1%) were male and 26 (74.3%) were female. Mean age of patients was 9.49+/-2.21 and mean BMI was 19.17+/-4.69. The spirometric indices, were FVC = 102.14+/-86.42, FVC V= 98.55 +/-19.42, FEV 1= 91.49 +/-20.13, FEV1 FVC = 95.70+/-12.6, index MEF 25-50 was 92.02+/-29.49 and MEF 2550 V index was 103.63(27.62).

Conclusion: Considering the changes in the spirometry indices of asthma children and the difference of these indices with other normal people, it is necessary to train nurses and physicians in order to identify these indices more effectively.


Spirometery; Children; Asthma.

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