Muhammad shoaib khan, Alamgir Khan, Jawad Khan, Muhammad Saqib, Muhammad Ibrahim Shuja, Ambar Fatima


Background: Surgical Site Infection (SSI) is one of the common and feared complications of surgical procedures. There is still ongoing debate regarding the use of closed suction drains in reducing the incidence of surgical site infection. The objective of this study was to compare Surgical Site Infection in dynamic hip screw surgery patients with and without closed suction drain.

Materials & Methods: This was a descriptive comparative study conducted in Orthopedic and spine surgery department, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar from 24th April, 2022 to 23rd October 2022. One hundred eighty-four consecutive patients who underwent surgery for proximal femoral fractures were included in this study. The data was collected from the two groups i.e. “A” (closed suction drain) and “B” (without drain).

Results: Total of 5(2.70%) patients out of 184 developed surgical site infection, 3 patients (3.26%) in group “A” (Drain group) and 2(2.17%) in group “B” (Un drain Group).

Conclusion: There is statistically no significant difference in placement of closed suction drain and not putting drains in clean hip surgery.


Surgical site infection; Closed suction drains; Dynamic hip screw surgery.

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