Adnan Khan, Nargis Noman, Muhammad Shafiq Khan, Shahab Falak, Ahmad Daud, Muhammad Asghar Essa, Muhammad Sani


Absenteeism is defined as regularly skipping scheduled classes without a valid justification. It is a clear indicator of poor personal performance and low motivation among students. This behavior undermines academic success, professional development, and societal transformation, all of which rely heavily on consistent class attendance. Regular participation in classes fosters essential job-related skills such as tenacity, problem-solving, and teamwork. Higher education institutions view absenteeism as a significant concern due to its detrimental impact on learning and academic performance.


Medical students; absenteeism; student factors; college factors; external factors.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.46903/gjms/22.02.1658


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