Habibullah Khan, Iftikhar Ahmad


Ebola virus disease is one of the viral hemorrhagic fevers with very high mortality. Primary cases have been known to arise from direct human contact with blood and body fluids of infected animals. Secondary cases belong to broken skin or mucous membrane contact of humans with body fluids of symptomatic patients, dead bodies or via contaminated needles and used articles of cases. High risk groups include healthcare workers not following proper control measures, close contacts and mourners. Its incubation period ranges from 2 to 21 days, during which there is no risk of transmission. WHO advises disease notification and keeping the patients in hospital under strict isolation. There is no specific drug or vaccine but early supportive fluid and electrolyte replacement improve survival.
Currently, it has seriously stuck the West African countries including Guinea, Liberia constituting the largest outbreak in the history. Keeping in view the danger of spread of this deadly infection to Pakistan, the Federal Ministry of Health has issued an advisory to take precautionary measures against it. It has warned that it may affect Pakistan due to frequent movement of persons to the African countries and this risk of import of virus needs immediate precautionary measures. The Government of Pakistan has arranged the facility of screening people coming from the Africa at the airports.

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