Mussawair Hussain, Imran Ullah, Nighat Shahbaz, Qamar Un Nisa Chaudhry, Mehreen Ali Khan, Tariq Azam Khattak


Background: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is therapeutic option for many blood diseases. It has increased risk of complications with incompatible pair. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of complications in ABO-incompatible HSCT in Pakistan.

Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Armed Forces Bone Marrow Transplant Centre , Rawalpindi, Pakistan from 11th August 2018 till 15th March 2021. A sample of 73 ABO-incompatible HSCT patients was selected. Variables were sex, age groups, acute & delayed hemolysis, pure red cell aplasia and acute GvHD. All variables being categorical were described by count and percentage with 80%CI. Complications in sample vs. population were compared through chi-square goodness of fit test.

RESULTS: Seventy three patients with ABO-incompatible HSCT included 52 (71.23%) men & 21 (28.77%) women, and 49 (67.12%) in age group ≤14 years & 24 (32.88%) in ≥15 years. Out of 73 patients, eight (10.96%) had acute hemolysis, 26 (35.62%) had delayed hemolysis, four (5.84%) had pure red cell aplasia and 34 (46.58%) had acute GvHD. The observed prevalence in sample was similar to population for acute (p=.46893) and delayed hemolysis (p=.30759) and acute GvHD (p=.55841), while it was different for pure red cell aplasia (p=.00006).

CONCLUSION: Most common complication in our study was acute GvHD, followed by delayed hemolysis, acute hemolysis & pure red cell aplasia. The observed prevalence in sample was similar to population for acute & delayed hemolysis and acute GvHD, while it was different for pure red cell aplasia.


Complications; Blood Group Incompatibility; Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation; Population; Sex; Age Groups; Hemolysis; Pure Red Cell Aplasia; Graft Versus Host Disease; Pakistan.

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